ACI Agribusiness

ACI Center 1014 posts

Insect Pest Genome Shows 49 Genes from Plants

Researchers from the National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and the Environment (INRAE) in France reported 49 plant genes transferred to the genome of the silver whitefly, a major crop pest in the tropics and subtropics. This is the first report of such an amount of gene transfers from plants »

Researchers in Japan Identify Genes to Help Crops against Flooding

Flooding has become a global concern, putting people at risk of starvation due to water drowning crops. Now, researchers are getting closer to identifying the molecular processes underlying how floods deprive plants of oxygen — and how to engineer hardier crops. “Hypoxia is an abiotic stress for plants often caused by »

Environmental and Economic Impact of GM Crop Use from 1996 to 2020

GM Crops & Food published three peer-reviewed and open-access papers about the economic and environmental impacts of genetically modified (GM) crops from 1996 to 2020. These research articles are authored by Graham Brookes, agricultural economist and director of PG Economics. The first paper tackles the global environmental impact of GM »

Plants' Drought Response Now Uncovered

Drought and powerful storms have affected plant communities. Now, scientists at the National University of Singapore (NUS) have discovered how plants control the development of stomata to reduce water loss under dry conditions. During water shortage, plants have two stomatal reactions. They restrict the growth of new stomata and seal »

Field Visits to GM Trials Promote Positive Consumer Attitudes Towards GM Crops

Volunteer participants visited a field trial of genetically modified (GM) potatoes in Sweden as part of a study that aimed to determine if farm visits could change consumers' attitudes toward GM crops. The study yielded positive results. The field trial site, located in Borgeby, Sweden, was planted with GM potatoes »

Sharing Kiwi can be Caring

Sharing a fact can be sometimes useful for others. One would be amazed to know that Kiwi is not a fruit rather it is a well-known bird. Yes, you heard it right. This greenish fruit was named after one the most famous bird of New Zealand Kiwi. This name comes »

Kiwi- Tips:

The green fleshy fruit kiwi is a fast-growing climbing plant that needs sufficient space, a sheltered and sunny position. When it comes to productivity only one self-fertile cultivar plan is enough but if not it is always better to plant a male and female cultivar together. In addition to this, »

Kiwi: Believe it or Not!

“Green flesh, originally a berry Doesn’t taste like a cherry?” If not sweet like a cherry then how the taste is? Acidic, sour, sharp, and with some hint of bitterness. This composition might take one on a roller coaster ride of flavor. Still confused? Talking about the Kiwi, an »

Reducing Calf Mortality through Appropriate Farm Management

The calf mortality in our country is 12.28% and represents significant economic losses in commercial dairy farms. Besides, high calf mortality rates hamper genetic potential for herd improvement and impede progress toward replacing cull cows. However, the risk of calf death is highest during the first three weeks of »

Plastic-eating bacteria help the environment

Plastic pollution has become a serious environmental concern in recent years as a result of the fast manufacture of Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET), a single-use plastic. It is prevalent in Asian and African countries due to ineffective garbage pickup methods. Plastic trash has become a huge issue for marine and terrestrial »

MicroRNA-Mediated Gene Silencing for Plant Disease Resistant

MicroRNAs are endogenous RNAs of 20–24 nucleotides that target a single spot in their target mRNA and are processed by Dicer-like (DCL) proteins from poorly paired hairpin precursor RNAs. While miRNAs have a role in the biotic and abiotic stress response, signal transduction, protein degradation, and growth and development »