Researchers from South Africa reviewed the usage of nanotechnology and proteomic tools in boosting crop growth and development. Their role in the genetic engineering of crops to achieve agricultural sustainability was also examined.
Nanoparticles have distinct physical and chemical properties that allow them to have many applications in different fields. However, it has limited usage in agriculture due to safety concerns. Because of this, the potential of nanoparticles is not heavily explored.
Researchers from different institutions in South Africa reviewed the effects of using nanoparticles and proteomic tools in agriculture. Their findings showed that nanoparticles significantly affect the plants' growth and development, which boosts their tolerance to drought and salinity stress. When nanotechnology was used in genetic engineering of crops, it boosted the expression of specific genes and traits.
(Source: Crop Biotech Update, International Service for Acquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications.