Sustenance has an overwhelming and conspicuous part in wellbeing administration. Nutrigenetics is the science that recognizes and portrays quality variations related with differential reaction to supplements and relating this variety to variable sickness states particularly growth. This emerges from the epidemiological certainty that growth represents a high extent of aggregate bleakness and mortality in grown-ups all through the world. There is much confirmation to help that hereditary components assume a key part in the improvement of malignancy; these hereditary factors, for example, DNA insecurity and quality changes are influenced by sustenance. Sustenance may likewise prompt deviant DNA methylation, which thus adds to carcinogenesis. The reason for malignancy is a perplexing transaction system of hereditary and natural components. Dietary supplement admission is a fundamental natural factor and there is a stamped variety in growth improvement with a similar dietary admission between people. This could be clarified by the variety in their hereditary polymorphisms, which prompts rise of the idea of nutrigenomics and nutrigenetics. Genes are regulated by complex arrays of response elements that influence the rate of transcription. Nutrients and hormones either act directly to influence these rates or act indirectly through specialized signaling pathways. Metabolites of vitamins A and D, fatty acids, some sterols, and zinc are among the nutrients that influence transcription directly. Components of dietary fiber may influence gene expression indirectly through changes in hormonal signaling, mechanical stimuli, and metabolites produced by the intestinal microflora. In addition, consumption of water-soluble fibers may lead to changes in gene expression mediated through indirect mechanisms that influence transcription rates. In the large intestine, short-chain fatty acids, including butyric acid, are produced by microflora. Butyric acid can indirectly influence gene expression. Some sources of fiber limit nutrient absorption, particularly of trace elements. This could have direct or indirect effects on gene expression. Identification of genes in colonic epithelial cells that are differentially regulated by dietary fiber will be an important step toward understanding the role of dietary factors in colorectal cancer progression.

Prepared by
Aqief Afzal
Research Assistant