A 67-post collection

Plant Innate Immunity: Self Defense Mechanism against pathogen

To protect against pathogens plants have an innate immune system. One of the defense mechanisms, Pattern Triggered Immunity (PTI), prevents non-adapted microbes from infecting plants. The surface pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) firstly recognize pathogen associated molecular patterns (PAMPs). PAMP recognition stimulates ion transportation through plasma membrane and enhances activation of »

Seed Vigour Testing

Seed vigour, a single concept reflecting several characters, determines the seed quality and uniform emergence potential of plants in the field under variable range of environments. Seed vigour does not reflect a specific property of a seed or seed lot but is still a concept. Several factors like genetic constitution, »

Marker Assisted Selection: An Intervention of Modern Science

The development of DNA (or molecular) markers has irreversibly changed the disciplines of plant genetics and plant breeding. While there are several applications of DNA markers in the case of breeding, the most promising for cultivar development is called marker assisted selection (MAS). MAS is a process in which a »

Hybrid Purity Tests: Connecting Parental Lines with the Hybrids

Hybrid seed is a seed produced by cross-pollinating plants in a controlled environment. Hybrids are bred to improve the characteristics of the resulting plants, such as better yield, greater uniformity, improved vigor, color, disease resistance, and so forth. Today, hybrid seed is predominant in agriculture and home gardening, and is »

Effect of Cold Storage Conditions on Properties of Potato Tubers

Post-harvest processing is important for making potatoes available for a longer period in the market and keeping the losses at a minimum. Different factors are responsible for affecting the storage of potatoes in storehouses. Potatoes should be stored at different temperatures according to their intended purposes. Low temperature is better »

Restriction Enzyme Digestion: Capabilities and Resources

Special enzymes termed restriction enzymes have been discovered in many different bacteria and other single-celled organisms. These restriction enzymes can scan along a length of DNA looking for a particular sequence of bases that they recognize. This recognition site or sequence is generally from 4 to 6 base pairs in »

Determining the Gluten Content/Percentage in Wheat

Gluten washing tests are laboratory analyses that provide information about the quantity and quality of gluten in wheat flour. These tests are used to evaluate the baking quality of hard and soft wheat flours used in the production of bakery products. The procedure to measure gluten is quite easy but »

Prime Editing

The development of a genome editing experimental approach that mediates all possible base-to-base conversions, “indels”, and combinations in human genome without the need for double-strand breaks (DSBs) or donor DNA (dDNA) templates. Prime editing, the novel method of genome editing, exploits a longer-than-usual single guide RNA (gRNA), known as prime »

Unlocking the Problem of Lumpy Skin Disease in Bangladesh

Introduction Lumpy Skin Disease (LSD) is a viral disease of cattle caused by the Lumpy Skin Disease Virus (LSDV) and is included in the OIE list of notifiable animal diseases. It belongs to the genus Capripoxvirus of the family Poxviridae (Milovanović et al,2019). Morbidity rates vary between 10 to »