A 91-post collection

Plastic-eating bacteria help the environment

Plastic pollution has become a serious environmental concern in recent years as a result of the fast manufacture of Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET), a single-use plastic. It is prevalent in Asian and African countries due to ineffective garbage pickup methods. Plastic trash has become a huge issue for marine and terrestrial »

MicroRNA-Mediated Gene Silencing for Plant Disease Resistant

MicroRNAs are endogenous RNAs of 20–24 nucleotides that target a single spot in their target mRNA and are processed by Dicer-like (DCL) proteins from poorly paired hairpin precursor RNAs. While miRNAs have a role in the biotic and abiotic stress response, signal transduction, protein degradation, and growth and development »

Early Detection of Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus by Hyperspectral Imaging

Tomato spotted wilt virus is a globally prevalent plant disease that threatens thousands of plants in a persistent and propagative way. Early disease identification is predicted to be capable of controlling disease transmission, facilitating management practice, and ensuring associated economic advantages. Hyperspectral imaging, a powerful remote sensing tool has been »

Role of Plant Mitochondria in Diversified Environmental Stress

Mitochondria are the power generators of cells that play a diversity of physiological and metabolic roles under conditions of abiotic or biotic stress. They are embedded in responses to an astonishing variety of stresses, from drought, salinity, light, toxins, herbivorous attacks, and pathogen attacks. However, involvement in such a wide »

RNAi as a Foliar Spray for Gene Silencing

RNA interference (RNAi) is a useful technology that is being used more frequently to protect crops against viruses, fungi, and insect pests. A non-transgenic technique that depends on spray application of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) to induce RNAi is called spray-induced gene silencing (SIGS). It has gained popularity due to its »

Base editing applications in plants and animals

Base editing is a CRISPR-Cas9-based genome editing technique that allows point mutations in DNA to be introduced without causing double-strand breaks (DSBs). There are two types of base editors: cytidine base editors (CBEs) that enable C>T conversions and adenine base editors (ABEs) that allow A>G conversions. »

Prospects of edible vaccines from potato

Edible vaccines are less expensive, easily administrable, storable, and are widely accepted as bio-friendly, particularly in developing countries. Oral administration of edible vaccines appears to be a promising agent for reducing the incidence of various diseases such as hepatitis and diarrhea, where vaccine preservation and management problem. Edible vaccines are »

Role of Genetic Engineering (GE) in Sustainable Agriculture

Sustainable agriculture is a type of agriculture in sustainable ways that focuses on the production of crops or livestock, which balance between the need for production of food and preservation of ecology without damaging the human or natural systems. In addition of food production, there are several goals associated with »

Application and challenges of Molecular Farming

Advances in plant synthetic biology promise to introduce novel agricultural products in the near future. Molecular Farming is one of them and which includes engineered crops to produce medications, vaccines, biofuels, industrial enzymes, and other high-value compounds. These crops have the potential to reduce costs to provide new economic opportunities »