A 97-post collection

Marker-Assisted Backcrossing for Gene Pyramiding

Marker-assisted backcrossing (MABC), a simplified version of marker-assisted selection, is now commonly used in molecular breeding. Marker-assisted backcrossing targets one or more genes or QTLs transferred from one donor parent into another superior cultivar or genotype to improve a targeted trait. Contrary to conventional backcrossing, MABC depends on the alleles »

Role of Bioinformatics in Crop Improvement

Bioinformatics is a new and growing field that combines the power of computers, mathematical algorithms, and statistics with principles from the life sciences to solve biological problems. It is a developing multidisciplinary field of science and technology that addresses biological data collecting and warehousing, data mining, database searches, analysis and »

Speed breeding- Increasing Crop Breeding in Less Time

Speed breeding accelerates plant breeding research, allowing for quicker varietal development, traits dissection, crossing, population mapping, backcrossing, a pyramiding of multiple traits into a single genotype for the development of multiple disease resistance, and the exploration of new phenotyping possibilities for specific desired traits as well as transgenic pipelines. Speed »

Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS)

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) are investigations of relatively frequent single nucleotide variations to establish their connection with a particular phenotype or with a particular clinical condition. The approach includes analyzing the genomes of several populations in search of genomic variations that are more prevalent in individuals with a certain disease »

Implementations of Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) for plants and animals

The laboratory technique known as "next-generation sequencing" widely encompasses some different technologies that enable massively parallel sequencing technologies, and provide ultra-high throughput, scalability, and speed. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) has become a powerful tool to identify genetic variants and variable gene expression patterns that correlate with disease states and »

Biofortification - Enhancing Nutrition to decrease Malnutrition

Biofortification is the process of creating micronutrient-rich food crops by conventional breeding or genetic alteration utilizing modern biotechnology. This is a realistic and cost-effective source of conveying micronutrients to those populations who have limited access to different diets and other micronutrient interventions. It differs from ordinary fortification and it focuses »

Plastic-eating bacteria help the environment

Plastic pollution has become a serious environmental concern in recent years as a result of the fast manufacture of Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET), a single-use plastic. It is prevalent in Asian and African countries due to ineffective garbage pickup methods. Plastic trash has become a huge issue for marine and terrestrial »

MicroRNA-Mediated Gene Silencing for Plant Disease Resistant

MicroRNAs are endogenous RNAs of 20–24 nucleotides that target a single spot in their target mRNA and are processed by Dicer-like (DCL) proteins from poorly paired hairpin precursor RNAs. While miRNAs have a role in the biotic and abiotic stress response, signal transduction, protein degradation, and growth and development »

Early Detection of Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus by Hyperspectral Imaging

Tomato spotted wilt virus is a globally prevalent plant disease that threatens thousands of plants in a persistent and propagative way. Early disease identification is predicted to be capable of controlling disease transmission, facilitating management practice, and ensuring associated economic advantages. Hyperspectral imaging, a powerful remote sensing tool has been »

Role of Plant Mitochondria in Diversified Environmental Stress

Mitochondria are the power generators of cells that play a diversity of physiological and metabolic roles under conditions of abiotic or biotic stress. They are embedded in responses to an astonishing variety of stresses, from drought, salinity, light, toxins, herbivorous attacks, and pathogen attacks. However, involvement in such a wide »