Tech & Comm

A 315-post collection

No-Till Production Farmers Can Cut Herbicide Use, Control Weeds, Protect Profits

Farmers using no-till production -- in which soil never or rarely is plowed or disturbed -- can reduce herbicide use and still maintain crop yields by implementing integrated weed-management methods, according to a new study conducted by Penn State researchers. While no-till agriculture can conserve soil and energy, it relies »

Scientists Debut Coffee Developed Through Cellular Agriculture

A team of Finnish scientists was able to produce coffee cells in a bioreactor through cellular agriculture. The end-product is said to smell and taste like conventional coffee. The discovery is proof that cellular agriculture is one option to achieve sustainable food production. The scientists took to cellular agriculture as »

Research Team Develops Plant that Produces More Oil

Brookhaven Lab studies using the fast-growing plant Arabidopsis (above) are helping to identify strategies for getting plants to produce and accumulate more oil. The goal is to transfer these approaches to energy crop plants such as energycane and Miscanthus. Photo Source: Brookhaven National Laboratory A research team from the U. »

NTU Researchers Identify How Xanthomonas Bacteria Infect Plants

Scientists at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) have identified, for the first time, a key mechanism by which the dangerous "crop killer" Xanthomas bacteria infect crops. Xanthomas is a globally prevalent bacterium capable of infecting 400 different plant species. Xanthomonas infects and damages plants by injecting toxic »

Machine Learning Reveals Important Genes to Help Corn Grow with Less Fertilizer

A study conducted by researchers at New York University (NYU) together with their colleagues from National Taiwan University, Purdue University, and the University of Illinois has found genes, through machine learning, that help crops grow with less fertilizer and predict additional traits in plants and disease outcomes in animals. In »

Getting Reluctant Seeds to Sprout

Seeds that would otherwise lie dormant will spring to life with the aid of a new chemical discovered by a UC Riverside-led team. Plants have the ability to perceive drought. When they do, they emit a hormone that helps them hold on to water. This same hormone, ABA, sends a »

Researchers Present Prospects for Genome Editing of Potato

Transgenic technology and gene silencing offer new solutions to time-consuming conventional breeding programs applied to important crops including potato. Researchers Sona Dev, Jini Joseph, and Ligi D' Rosario presented the prospects for genome editing of potato in an open-access peer-reviewed chapter in IntechOpen. According to the authors, genetically modified crops »

Upcycled Manure May Ignite New Sustainable Fertilizing Trend

Cow manure -- a longtime agricultural waste headache for dairy farmers -- soon may ignite a new sustainable fertilizing trend. Judiciously decomposing organic matter from 700 degrees Fahrenheit to 1,200 degrees F, without oxygen -- a process known as pyrolysis, very different from incineration -- and retaining nutrients from »

Research Finds that Plants Grow More to Deal with Heat

Increasing temperatures brought about by climate change negatively affect crop productivity. To deal with the heat, plants use hormones to grow larger, developing a bigger surface area they can use to cool down. However, it has been unclear which hormones do plants use in this mechanism, and scientists at VIB-UGent »

Using the ‘Smell of Fear’ to Deter Insects

For home gardeners and farmers, herbivorous insects present a major threat to their hard work and crop yields. The predator insects that feed on these bugs emit odors that pests can sense, which changes the pests' behavior and even their physiology to avoid being eaten. With bugs becoming more resistant »