Australian scientists are estimating the nutrient profile of individual colored rice varieties using a light facility that accelerates electrons in a close magnetic loop field to produce a light brighter than a million suns. The researchers' objective is to investigate the rice's surface and potentially help produce rice that is more nutritious for consumers.
The Canadian Light Source is a football field-sized synchrotron light facility located in Canada. The Australian scientists were able to gain access to the facility from halfway around the world to conduct a detailed analysis and inspect the surface of the grains of different colored rice. This part of the rice grain is nutrient-rich and using the synchrotron can help determine the exact location of the health-promoting compounds in rice. Such analysis can also be done using regular biochemical analysis of rice grains ground into powder, but this can take hours or even days to obtain results. Using the synchrotron cuts the analysis time into just minutes.
By understanding colored grains, the scientists hope to help develop more nutritious food to create healthier choices for consumers. The results of the study can help breeders produce rice that has a lower glycemic index, or higher concentration of micronutrients like iron and zinc. The findings can also be applied to other types of grains such as wheat, barley, oats, and corn and potentially create more nutritious crops to help obtain global food security.
The research is a collaborative effort among Swinburne University of Technology, Southern Cross University, AgriFutures Australia, the Australian Research Council, and the International Rice Research Institute.
(Source: Crop Biotech Update, International Service for Acquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications. www.isaaa.org)