A 110-post collection

Sustainable Agriculture: Climate Change & Technologies

The biggest global food crisis in modern history is unfolding, driven by conflict, environmental shocks, and the approaching prospect of a global recession. Hundreds of millions of people are at risk of becoming hungry. Acute food insecurity is on the rise, with at least 222 million people in 53 countries »

Mutation Mapping Approaches for Crop Improvement

MutMap (Mutation Mapping) is a recently developed efficient and cost-effective genetic approach based on high-throughput next-generation sequencing. MutMap has been used for the first time in rice to map mutations that cause leaf color change and semi-dwarf plant structure. The mutant lines mostly carry recessive mutations and such mutations do »

Marker-Assisted Backcrossing for Gene Pyramiding

Marker-assisted backcrossing (MABC), a simplified version of marker-assisted selection, is now commonly used in molecular breeding. Marker-assisted backcrossing targets one or more genes or QTLs transferred from one donor parent into another superior cultivar or genotype to improve a targeted trait. Contrary to conventional backcrossing, MABC depends on the alleles »

Role of Bioinformatics in Crop Improvement

Bioinformatics is a new and growing field that combines the power of computers, mathematical algorithms, and statistics with principles from the life sciences to solve biological problems. It is a developing multidisciplinary field of science and technology that addresses biological data collecting and warehousing, data mining, database searches, analysis and »

Speed breeding- Increasing Crop Breeding in Less Time

Speed breeding accelerates plant breeding research, allowing for quicker varietal development, traits dissection, crossing, population mapping, backcrossing, a pyramiding of multiple traits into a single genotype for the development of multiple disease resistance, and the exploration of new phenotyping possibilities for specific desired traits as well as transgenic pipelines. Speed »

Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS)

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) are investigations of relatively frequent single nucleotide variations to establish their connection with a particular phenotype or with a particular clinical condition. The approach includes analyzing the genomes of several populations in search of genomic variations that are more prevalent in individuals with a certain disease »

Implementations of Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) for plants and animals

The laboratory technique known as "next-generation sequencing" widely encompasses some different technologies that enable massively parallel sequencing technologies, and provide ultra-high throughput, scalability, and speed. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) has become a powerful tool to identify genetic variants and variable gene expression patterns that correlate with disease states and »

Biofortification - Enhancing Nutrition to decrease Malnutrition

Biofortification is the process of creating micronutrient-rich food crops by conventional breeding or genetic alteration utilizing modern biotechnology. This is a realistic and cost-effective source of conveying micronutrients to those populations who have limited access to different diets and other micronutrient interventions. It differs from ordinary fortification and it focuses »

Plastic-eating bacteria help the environment

Plastic pollution has become a serious environmental concern in recent years as a result of the fast manufacture of Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET), a single-use plastic. It is prevalent in Asian and African countries due to ineffective garbage pickup methods. Plastic trash has become a huge issue for marine and terrestrial »

MicroRNA-Mediated Gene Silencing for Plant Disease Resistant

MicroRNAs are endogenous RNAs of 20–24 nucleotides that target a single spot in their target mRNA and are processed by Dicer-like (DCL) proteins from poorly paired hairpin precursor RNAs. While miRNAs have a role in the biotic and abiotic stress response, signal transduction, protein degradation, and growth and development »

Early Detection of Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus by Hyperspectral Imaging

Tomato spotted wilt virus is a globally prevalent plant disease that threatens thousands of plants in a persistent and propagative way. Early disease identification is predicted to be capable of controlling disease transmission, facilitating management practice, and ensuring associated economic advantages. Hyperspectral imaging, a powerful remote sensing tool has been »